Is Gilgit-Baltistan part of Kashmir or Pakistan? Gilgit-Baltistan issue and facts | Jammu and Kashmir Info


Gilgit-Baltistan is part of Kashmir, India or Pakistan 

Today we will talk on GB. Is Gilgit-Baltistan part of Pakistan, part of  Kashmir or part of India? You will find the answers to all these questions today. 

If observed, many questions arise in these questions

Gilgit-Baltistan is part of Kashmir or all the realities of Pakistan
Is Gilgit baltistan is Part of Kashmir or Pakistan 

As if Gilgit Baltistan is a part of Pakistan then why Gilgit Baltistan has not been included in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan till date or why it has not been made a province of Pakistan.

And if Gilgit-Baltistan is part of Kashmir, then it is a disputed area. 

All of these questions will be answered in the light of UN resolutions to date.

Agreement of Amritsar 

In 1846, the British snatched Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan and Ladakh from the Sikhs and gave it to Maharaja Gulab Singh Dogra under treaty . These areas of 84471 or 84971 square miles were given to Maharaja Gulab Singh Dogra to rule from generation to generation.

1935 Treaty of   Gilgit 

After the communist revolution in Russia, Britain realized the importance of these areas. There was a danger to Britain that communism might not enter the subcontinent through this route. 

According to military experts, it was decided to have a strong army here. The Maharaja of Kashmir was informed of the situation. The Maharaja of Kashmir was persuaded to acquire a 60-year lease (ie lease) along the Russian border. Therefore, on March 29, 1935, a small area of ​​Gilgit Agency was leased for 60 years. 

The agreement was signed by Colonel Lee Long on behalf of the United Kingdom and Maharaja Hari Singh on behalf of Kashmir. 

Now the question arises as to how much territory was given to the British on lease and whether the power of Maharaja Kashmir was removed from the leased area  or not? 

According to historians, 1480 or 14480 square miles area was leased. 

The border province of Kashmir which includes Gilgit-Baltistan and Ladakh consists of 63554 square miles and the area of ​​Gilgit 1480 or 14480 square miles was leased. 

Leasing the Casey area does not end property rights and in the light of history it is very clear that this area remained under the control of Kashmir. The agreement between the British government and the Maharaja clearly states that these territories will be considered in the Maharaja's state and the state flag will remain on the agency headquarters. 

The Assembly elected in 1934, 1938, and 1941 also included representatives of these regions. 

In 1934, Man Thont Shah and Kalun Zanglo were represented by Iftikhar Ali Khan of Khaplo Skardu from Ladakh, Syed Wajahat Ali Shah from Kargil and Wazir Muhammad Khan Astor from Gilgit. 

In 1941 Mr. Jagmat Dadul and Nono Ranchan from Ladakh were represented by Mr. Fateh Ali Khan from Skardu, Mr. Ahmed Ali Khan from Kargil and Raja Ghulam Raza Khan from Astor Gilgit. 

When the British were leaving India, it was decided on June 3, 1947 that the British would end their occupation of India and all the agreements made with the private states of British India would be automatically terminated. . 

Under the same principle, the Gilgit Agreement was also canceled and it was decided that all the territories leased by the British Government from the Maharaja of Kashmir would be returned to the Government of Kashmir on 1st August. 

On the orders of the Maharaja of Kashmir, the Prime Minister of Kashmir Ram Chand Kak issued an order on 12 July 1947 in which the Ministry of Gilgit was given the status of a province and Brigadier General Staff Ghansara Singh was appointed as the Governor of the province. On July 30, 1947, Ghansara Singh reached Gilgit and took charge. 

The areas of Gilgit which were leased to the British Government in 1935 were finally de facto established by the Maharaja on August 1, 1947.

Gilgit-Baltistan was liberated in 1947. This successful battle was fought by the local people and the Muslim army stationed there. Maharaja Hari Singh wanted to keep the state independent. When the tribal invasion of Kashmir took place on October 12, Maharaja Hari Singh fled from Srinagar to Jammu in panic. 

On 26 October 1947, Raja Hari Singh wrote a letter to Lord Mountbatten, the Governor General of India, appealing for military assistance. India made military aid conditional on Haq. The Maharaja was forced to sign an accession treaty . On 27 October 1947, the Indian Army began landing at the airports in Srinagar, the state capital. 

The Pakistani army also entered the state openly. The people of Gilgit also revolted. Governor Gilgit Ghansara Singh was arrested. In a statement, Imran Khan described Major Brown as the victor of Gilgit, but in history the victory was called Gilgit Colonel Mirza Hassan who was a brave son of Gilgit. 


The following facts fully illustrate the fact that the Gilgit-Baltistan region is a constitutional part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Not of Pakistan.

Gilgit-Baltistan is shown as part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the official maps published by the Survey of Pakistan and in the maps of the state of Jammu and Kashmir published by the governments of both the parts of the state.

Gilgit-Baltistan is shown as part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in world and subcontinental maps published by the United Nations and its affiliates. 

The state of Jammu and Kashmir, including Gilgit-Baltistan , is shown separately from both India and Pakistan in UN and World Bank maps, and the footnote  makes it clear that the state of Jammu and Kashmir is not part of India or Pakistan. It is also clarified in these maps that the population and area of ​​the State of Jammu and Kashmir is not included in the data on the areas and populations of India and Pakistan given in the footnotes of the map.

Gilgit-Baltistan was not recognized as a constitutional part of Pakistan in any of the constitutions enacted in Pakistan, including the current constitution of Pakistan.

Pakistan's Supreme Court and Lahore High Court have repeatedly stated that the Gilgit-Baltistan region is a constitutional part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and not of Pakistan and their constitutional status is in no way different from that of Azad Kashmir.

Although some areas of Gilgit were leased by the British to the state government in 1935, they were returned to the state of Jammu and Kashmir on August 1, 1947, two weeks before the formation of Pakistan. The state government brought Gilgit-Baltistan and Ladakh and made them the third province of the state (besides Jammu and Kashmir Valley) and appointed Brigadier Ghansara Singh as the governor of this third province. Who took office on August 2, 1947. Apart from Gilgit, celebrations were also held in Srinagar on this occasion.

It is also worth mentioning that between 1935 and 1947, Astor area of ​​Gilgit and the whole area of ​​Baltistan were under the administration of the state government. These areas are no longer under British rule. It is also a fact that even during the 12 years of British rule in Gilgit, the state flag was flown in Gilgit along with the British flag and the lower level staff in government offices were state officials only British high officials. Were

The kings of Benza and Nagar and the governors of the political districts were also subordinate to the state government.

From the formation of the Assembly of the State of Jammu and Kashmir from 1934 to 1947, the areas of Gilgit-Baltistan were represented in this Assembly. There are still 25 seats in the Occupied Kashmir Assembly reserved for Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

Both Pakistan and India have recognized and signed the resolutions of the United Nations Commission on India and Pakistan. Under the resolutions that Pakistan still recognizes and demands a solution to the Kashmir issue, a referendum was to be held in Gilgit-Baltistan as in other parts of the state to determine the future of the state. If these areas were part of Pakistan, how could Pakistan accept that there should be a referendum on the future of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in its area. 

In the state of Jammu and Kashmir, between the Indian-administered territories and the territories liberated from India, there is a ceasefire (now called the Line of Control), while the line separating India from Pakistan is called the Pak-India border. ۔

If Gilgit-Baltistan were part of Pakistan then the line separating Gilgit-Baltistan from occupied Kashmir would be called Pak-India border but this line is called Cease Fire Line. Just because Gilgit-Baltistan is not part of Pakistan, it is part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. 

In 1949, Nawab Mushtaq Ahmed Gormani, Union Minister of Pakistan, met with Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas, President of All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, and Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan, President of Azad Kashmir. The administrative powers of Gilgit-Baltistan were temporarily vested in the Political Agent of the Government of Pakistan under Clause (a) of the Agreement. If Gilgit-Baltistan were a constitutional part of Pakistan, then there was no justification for the government of Azad Kashmir and the President of the Muslim Conference (then the ruling party of Kashmir) to sign or become a party to the issue.

As far as the argument of some people of Gilgit-Baltistan is concerned, the people of these areas joined Pakistan in 1947 itself. There is no mention of it in the constitution of Pakistan nor is there any document about it. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. And even if someone had made this accession, what constitutional right did he have to do so? 

It is also noteworthy that so far the responsible person of Pakistan has not made any mention of this supposed accession. To date, no official announcement has been made by the government of Pakistan in this regard. If this baseless position of some people is to be accepted, then Indian Occupied Kashmir, where two thirds of the state's population lives, will have to recognize the constitutional part of India. Because the Maharaja of Kashmir had annexed India, which was later ratified by the Assembly of Occupied Kashmir. In view of all these facts, declaring Gilgit-Baltistan as a constitutional part of Pakistan or making these areas a province of Pakistan or seeking representation in Pakistan's parliament is not only unconstitutional but also a betrayal of the Muslims of Indian-occupied Kashmir. ۔ 

Under the agreement reached between Nawab Gormani, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas (late) and Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim in 1949, the administrative affairs of Gilgit-Baltistan were temporarily assigned to the Government of Pakistan. And all matters relating to internal security were assigned to the Government of Pakistan. If Azad Kashmir is not a constitutional part of Pakistan despite foreign affairs and internal security being in Pakistan's hands, then how can the Gilgit-Baltistan region be a part of Pakistan if it is under Pakistan's civil administration.

The 1963 agreement between Pakistan and China on the demarcation of the Gilgit-Baltistan-China border also explicitly recognized the Gilgit-Baltistan region as part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

In 1993, the Azad Kashmir High Court ruled in a writ petition filed by Malik Miskin and Amir Jan of Diamer District (in which almost all Kashmiri political organizations, including the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, were party to Malik Miskin and others). He clarified that the areas of Gilgit-Baltistan are historically and constitutionally part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

 The High Court asked the Azad Kashmir government to take administrative control of these areas. An appeal was lodged in the Azad Kashmir Supreme Court against this decision. The Supreme Court, without contradicting the decision of the High Court regarding the constitutional status of Gilgit-Baltistan (ie, these areas are part of the State of Jammu and Kashmir), ruled that under the Azad Kashmir Act 1974 (framed by the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs) The independent government does not have the right and authority to take administrative control of any part of the state outside the present Azar Kashmir. The areas of Gilgit-Baltistan are also part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the eyes of the Supreme Court and High Court of Azad Kashmir.

 These facts fully and undeniably explain that the Gilgit-Baltistan region is a constitutional part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Not of Pakistan.

Pakistan's share in the current confusion 

The biggest hand in creating confusion in this regard by putting aside the above clear and historical facts about the constitutional status of Gilgit-Baltistan is the six total parts of the bureaucracy of the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and some short-sighted leaders of Gilgit-Baltistan. ۔ The bureaucracy has been teaching the new generation of Gilgit-Baltistan the lesson since 1948 that these areas have been annexed by Pakistan and that these areas have nothing to do with the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Even the bureaucracy renamed these areas Northern Areas (Northern Areas) in order to destroy the regional identity of these areas.

Not only that, but the bureaucracy changed the name of the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs to the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas to give the impression that Gilgit-Baltistan is not part of Kashmir. 

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